Over the centuries, cultures at the periphery of Christian Europe (also ancient cultures predating Christianity) influenced Western Early Music in many and significant ways.  This was most especially true in Medieval Spain, where the intermingling of Christians, Muslims, and Jews created a distinctive musical hybrid.  This section recognizes the influences on "Early Music" of non-Western musical cultures--Muslim and non-Muslim--from North Africa, the Middle East, the Levant, the Balkans, and elsewhere.

Ancient Music

Wikipedia: Music of Ancient Greece
Wikipedia: Music of Ancient Rome
Early Music FAQ: Ancient Music
Ancient Greek Music
Ancient Greek Music
Roman Classical Music
Greek Music
Yahoo! Directory: Ancient Greek Music
Google Scholar: Ancient Music
Google Books: Ancient Music
Google Images: Ancient Music
YouTube Video: Ancient Music
Ancient Greek Music Books

For other eras, see Medieval Music, Renaissance Music, and Baroque Music.

Jewish Music

Wikipedia: Jewish music
A Brief History of Jewish Music
Origin of Jewish music in the Temple
What is Jewish Music?
Yahoo! Directory: Jewish Music
Google Scholar: Early Jewish Music
Google Books: Early Jewish Music
Google Images: Early Jewish Music
YouTube Video: Early Jewish Music
Jewish Music Books

Arabic Music

(Classical Court Music of the Islamic Empire)
Wikipedia: Islamic music
Wikipedia: Classical Arab music
Wikipedia: Ottoman classical music
Middle Eastern Drum History
History of Music and Musical Instruments
Yahoo! Directory: Middle Eastern Music
Google Scholar: Early Arabic Music
Google Books: Early Arabic Music
Google Images: Early Arabic Music
YouTube Video: Early Arabic Music
Middle Eastern Music Books